We believe that if we have one life to live, it should be lived to the fullest! So when it comes to how we nourish and fuel that life, we at Radicle Snacks take the highly researched scientific approach.

Bringing together the best of science with the purest of nature means that we only create food that is minimally processed, full of nutrients, and strategically tailored to your activity. So whether you’re setting out on a mountain trek or just managing a stressful schedule, we’ve got you covered with our all natural adaptogen and nootropic powered snacks.

We think the only thing better than knowing what you’re eating is knowing why you’re eating it. Below, you'll find the why behind our recipes.


Know Your Nutrition terms

Nootropics are brain food! (Also called smart drugs or cognitive enhancers) These are substances that improve cognitive function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation.

Adaptogens are natural substances considered to help the body adapt to stress and to exert a normalizing effect upon bodily processes. A well-known example is ginseng.

Polyphenols are hormetic compounds found in plants that spark a protective response. They spur our bodies to generate antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. These compounds are often the source of natural color in many foods, and are found most abundantly in whole foods such as dried spices, fruits, and vegetables. They can be a powerful weapon against diabetes, cancer, and neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disease and can play an important role as a prebiotic, increasing the ratio of beneficial bacteria in your gut. 


beyond yum - the ingredients for awesome


Blueberries

Native to North America, Blueberries have been revered in traditional Native American medicine and as a nutrient-rich food in times of famine. Offering so much more than antioxidants, Blueberries are naturally-rich in micronutrients and polyphenols and are one of the best food sources for anthrocyanins and pterostilbene.

Scientific research on the benefits of blueberries

Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2850944/
Anthocyanins in aged blueberry-fed rats are found centrally and may enhance memory: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16053243

The power duo: Curcumin and Piperine

Curcumin is the part of turmeric most active in promoting human health. It’s also what lends turmeric it’s rich, golden hue. Curcumin functions in the human body as a powerful antioxidant, helps to reduce inflammation, and has naturally occurring antibacterial properties.

A staple of Hippocrates’ medical bag, Piperine has been used in traditional medicine for a variety of ailments and is commonly used to help with difficult to digest compounds. While it’s a powerful polyphenol (alkaloid) on it's own, we include it in our recipes alongside Curcumin because of it's incredible ability to help the body absorb Curcumin.

Scientific research on the benefits of Curcumin and Piperine

Curcumin reduced cognitive impairment and improved spatial memory in a rat model of Alzheimer’s disease: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26114940
Curcumin reduced cognitive impairment and increased neurotransmitters associated with memory formation in aged mice: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24712702
Curcumin improved spatial memory and reduced lipid peroxidation in neuronal tissue in aged rats: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23609199
Curcumin improved memory by reducing oxidative stress on neuronal tissue in a mouse neurodegenerative model: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23402943
Curcumin reduced oxidative stress and neuroinflammation while improving cognitive function in rats with ethanol-induced neurocognitive defects: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22790976
Curcumin reduced neuronal oxidative damage and improved cognition in a mouse model of dementia: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21253949
Curcumin reduced – in a dose dependent manner – stress induced dysfunction in spatial learning and memory: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19540859
Reference: Deans SG (2001) Black Pepper, Piper nigrum. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants- Industrial Pro les, Book reviews, Phytochemistry 58: 827-829

Luteolin

Luteolin is a dietary flavone that is naturally present in a number of foods, particularly in celery seed. It functions as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound in the human body, being particularly effective in supporting cognitive function.

Luteolin acts as an anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective agent, and may help with “brain fog” seen in multiple conditions including autism spectrum disorders, chronic fatigue, and fibromyalgia (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26190965)

Scientific research on the benefits of Luteolin

Luteolin improves decreases cognitive impairment in a rat model of dementia: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25220684
Luteolin improves cognitive function by reducing neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in mice given a high-fat diet: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24667364
Luteolin decreases cognitive impairment in mice under psychological stress: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23760008
Luteolin decreased neuronal injury and improved cognitive function in diabetic rats by reducing oxidative stress: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23415807
Luteolin improved learning and memory in a rat model of cognitive impairment: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20387225
Luteolin improves long-term potentiation (memory formation) and cognitive function in a mouse model of cognitive impairment: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19857483
Luteolin improves learning and memory in a rat model of Alzheimer's Disease: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26261557
Luteolin supplementation in children with autism spectrum disorders improved adaptive functioning and reduced aberrant behavior: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23688534
Luteolin in aged mice improved spatial working memory and reduced neuroinflammatory markers to the levels seen in young mice: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20685893
Luteolin has been shown in multiple studies to act as a neuroprotective agent, both in vitro and in vivo: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26361743

Rhodiola Rosea

Rhodiola Rosea, also known as golden root or arctic root, is a plant that grows naturally in Eastern Europe and Asia. The plant has an adaptogenic role in the human body – helping us to adapt to the stress placed on us. Rhodiola Rosea contains multiple compounds with antioxidant properties and has been shown in scientific studies to increase energy and improve mood.

Scientific research on the benefits of Rhodiola Rosea

In human studies, Rhodiola Rosea has been shown to reduce anxiety, stress, anger, confusion, and depression – as well as increase mood, without any significant side effects: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26502953
Rhodiola Rosea has been shown to have anti-viral properties in athletes after strenuous exercise: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26284250
Rhodiola Rosea in a fermented form has been shown to reduce cellular markers of fatigue and increase exercise capacity in mice: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25866748
In human studies, Rhodiola Rosea has been compared to sertraline (Zoloft) for treatment of depression. Rhodiola Rosea improved symptoms of depression – though not as much as sertraline – but patients taking Rhodiola Rosea had significantly less side effects than sertraline: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25837277
Certain phytonutrients with Rhodiola Rosea have been shown to exhibit marked anti-oxidant activities in mice: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24896611
In human studies, Rhodiola Rosea supplementation increased mood during exercise, with athletes enjoying exercise more, feeling more vigor, and feeling as though the exercise required less effort: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26464892
Rhodiola Rosea has been shown to reduce oxidative stress in muscle, and decreased muscle damage in a mouse model of oxidative stress: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23893458

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha, also known as Withania Somnifera or Indian Ginseng, is a medicinal herb from the Indian subcontinent. It contains a diverse array of phytochemicals that have beneficial effects in the human body, including reducing oxidative stress, reducing inflammation, improving cognition, and stabilizing blood sugar.  Furthermore, Ashwagandha has been found to have anti-cancer and some anti-bacterial effects as well.

Scientific research on the benefits of Ashwagandha

In a study of rats fed a high fructose diet, supplementation with Ashwagandha reduced blood sugar levels by reducing inflammation and increasing sensitivity to insulin: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25179753
In a rat model of hypothalamic impairment in diabetes, Ashwagandha stabilized mitochrondrial function and prevented oxidative damage on the hypothalamus: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26828992
In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, supplementation with Ashwagandha increased cardiorespiratory endurance and quality of life in healthy adult human athletes: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26730141
In a fruitfly model of Parkinson’s disease, supplementation with Ashwagandha in adult flies improved motor function, sensory perception, and protected against mitochondrial degeneration. However, larvae exposed to Ashwagandha did not demonstrate the same effect: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26727265
In a rat model of stroke, supplementation with Ashwagandha reduced behavioral deficits from stroke, reduced stroke size, improved blood flow to affected areas of the brain, and reduced oxidative stress in brain tissue: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26727265
In vitro studies of Ashwagandha extract have found it to reduce expression of inflammatory proteins in a model of chronic kidney disease: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26667305
In a rat model of glioblastoma, treatment with an extract of Ashwagandha inhibited tumor growth: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26650066
In a randomized controlled trial of healthy human athletes, Ashwagandha increased gains in muscle strength, increased fat loss, and reduced muscular injury associated with weight training: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26609282
In a randomized controlled trial of health human subjects, Ashwagandha increased sexual function in women: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26504795
In an in vitro study of human malignant melanoma cells, treatment with Ashwagandha increases melanoma cell death: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26334881
In a laboratory study, Ashwagandha demonstrated antibacterial activities against Gram positive bacteria, including drug-resistant Staphylococcus: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25972723
In a review of multiple human trials, as compared to placebo, Ashwagandha has been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and stress: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25405876

Hovenia Dulcis

Hovenia Dulcis, also known as the Japanese raisin tree or oriental raisin tree, is a tree that grows in Asia, mostly in Eastern China and Korea. Multiple parts of the tree, including the fruit, bark, and leaves, contain chemical compounds that act as powerful antioxidants. The naturally occurring compounds in the tree are particularly effective at reducing oxidative stress on the liver, and in scientific studies have been shown to reduce liver injury from alcohol and increase the rate of alcohol metabolism in the body.

Scientific research on the benefits of Hovenia Dulcis

In a mouse model, treating cells with an extract of Hovenia Dulcis resulted in lower levels of inflammation – as the Hovenia Dulcis reduced the production of inflammatory proteins and signals: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27086154
In mice fed a diet containing known liver toxins, extracts from Hovenia Dulcis were found to be protective against injury to liver cells and blood vessels: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25881982
In a study of mice whose ovaries were surgically removed, treatment with extract from Hovenia Dulcis reduced bone loss and prevented the development of osteoporosis: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25737735
In mice treated with Hovenia Dulcis, the anti-inflammatory effects of Hovenia Dulcis reduced the physiologic stress of intense exercise on the bodies of the mice. The mice treated with Hovenia Dulcis performed better, exhibited less fatigue, and also had lower levels of blood sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23895162
In a mouse model of liver injury from alcohol, Hovenia Dulcis acted as a potent antioxidant, reducing inflammation in the liver and improving liver function: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22750723
In a mouse model of chronic liver disease from chronic alcohol intake, supplementation with Hovenia Dulcis reduced liver damage, and improved the natural anti-oxidant activity of the liver: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22648047
In a mouse model of liver damage from alcohol, supplementation with Hovenia Dulcis reduced liver inflammation, improved alcohol metabolism, and increased the natural antioxidant activity of the liver: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20673184
In a mouse model of liver of chronic hepatitis from carbon tetrachloride, treatment with Hovenia Dulcis reduced damage and scarring to the liver: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17708635
In a mouse model of alcohol intoxication, supplementation with Hovenia Dulcis increased the activity of enzymes that metabolize alcohol, and reduced the peak blood alcohol concentration: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17048612
In a mouse model of brain injury, Hovenia Dulcis acted as a potent antioxidant, reducing damage from free radicals, and reducing death of neurons: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16114495